Some ethnic groups in Vietnam
The diversity in regions also creates diversity in
the culture of Vietnam. Vietnam is an S-shape peninsula. There are three regions: the North, the Central and the South. Northern Vietnam, as known as Bac Bo in Vietnamese is the cradle of Vietnamese civilization. In the North Red River Delta has great effect on the culture. The Central is mostly mountains and coastlines. The culture in the Central is affected by Truong Son mountain range and coastlines. The South has Mekong Delta. It is the most agriculturally productive region of Vietnam. Beliefs and religions in Vietnamese culture
Thought of Vietnamese people has been influenced mostly by Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism which are known as the Tam Giao (triple religion) in Vietnamese culture. Vietnamese people are free of religions. Therefore, when youdiscover Vietnamese culture, you will find many religious buildings from Christian, Buddhism, Hinduism, etc. Many of them are attractive tourist destinations such as Mariamman Hindu Temple, Notre Dame Cathedral in Ho Chi Minh City, One Pillar Pagoda, Temple of Literature in Hanoi.
Ancestor worship is the beauty in Vietnamese culture value. All Vietnamese people don’t forget their origins. Most of them have an ancestor altar at their home or business. In a special day like Tet holiday, the first day or fifth day of the month (according to Lunar Calendar), Vietnamese people often burn incenses and have some things like fruits as offerings. Ancestor worship has existed in Vietnam for a long time. Up to now, Vietnamese people have maintained the worship to show respect to the deceased.
Cuisine in Vietnamese culture
Like regions, there are three categories in Vietnamese cuisine : north, central and south. The cuisine is extremely diverse across regions. The main food in Vietnamese meals is rice. You can find rice field in almost everywhere in Vietnam. Fish sauce is also an integral part. Vietnamese people use very little oil and many vegetables in cooking. In Vietnamese culture, dishes characterize many flavors such as sweet, sour, spicy and special flavors from types of sauces.
Noodle and noodle soups are common in Vietnamese cuisine. In every Vietnam tour , tour guides often introduce noodles to tourists, especially pho Pho is the noodles you have to eat when coming to Vietnam. It consists of rice noodles, beef, beef soup and is eaten with fresh vegetable and sour lemons. There are many types of noodles: pho, bun, hu tieu, my, … Seafood and specialties of mountain areas are favorite dishes of many tourists. Each dish has color, flavor and processing method. The cuisine is colorful pictures that everyone loves while discovering Vietnamese culture.
Traditional costumes in Vietnamese culture
Prior to Nguyen Dynasty, except for noble family, Vietnamese people were not free to dress. There were some restrictions on clothing. Before the 19
th century, the common clothing was Ao giao linh, a cross-collared robe. Until Nguyen Dynasty, it was replaced by the ao dai. Up to present, ao dai has been considered the national dress of the Vietnamese. Design of ao dai has changed through times. Before ao dai was worn by male and female. Nowadays, it is worn mostly by women. Ao dai is uniqueness in the beauty of Vietnamese culture.
Vietnamese women in ao dai
Besides ao dai, other traditional costumes are four-piece dresses (ao tu than in Vietnamese), non la, ao yem, etc. Four-piece dress has existed for a long time. It is a traditional dress while performing quan ho, a type of folk music originated in Bac Ninh, Vietnam. Ao yem is the one accompanied with four-piece dress. Non la, known as conical hat is the traditional hat in Vietnam. A woman usually wears ao dai with non la. In the south, the highlight dress is ao ba ba. The outfit includes a loose-fitting and black pants.
Traditional festivals in Vietnamese culture
Festival is one of the special features in Vietnamese culture. Ethnic religious diversity makes more festivals in Vietnam. Festivals are held to remember cultural events. Community spirit is the essence of every festival. There are 2 sections in festivals: ceremony and society. Ceremony is to express respect to the divinity and dreams of people for health, wealth, luckiness and happiness for themselves and their loved ones. Society is the unique characteristics about culture, community, religions, etc.
Two biggest traditional festivals are Tet holidays and Hung King Commemoration Day. Tet holiday is known as Lunar New Year. In Tet Holiday, every region has other festivals to celebrate such as Hoi Lim in Bac Ninh Province, Hoi Giong in Soc Son, Huong Pagoda’s festival in Hanoi. Hung King Commemoration Day is held annually from the 8
th to the 11 th days of the third lunar month. It is held to pay tribute to Hung Kings, founders of the nation and first emperors in Vietnam.
Culture is an important part of every country. The culture of Vietnam has developed over a long time. It is one of the oldest in Southeast Asia. In spite of the changes over years and the effect of foreign cultures, the Vietnamese still maintain the cultural features such as the ancestor worship, respect for family value, traditional festivals, traditional costumes, etc. The beauty of culture has attracted many tourists to Vietnam and made them love Vietnam more and more.
Discovering the culture of Vietnam will surely be a wonderful and unforgettable adventure. You will be touched by the hospitality and satisfied with best dishes and colorful festivals. Enjoying the breathtaking attractions and learning about Vietnamese culture will complete you perfect travel.