Located on the banks of the Thu Bon River in Thanh Ha ward in Quang Nam province, Thanh Ha pottery village is a well-known attraction which attracts thousands of tourists coming every year.
Having a visit to Thanh Ha pottery village is a wonderful trip to explore the precious cultural values that were established at old land.
Pottery is a vital item in Vietnamese life which is not just an ornament used as decoration in the room, garden, but also a conventional craft. Thus, Thanh Ha Pottery Village is established with a view to preserving a significant tradition as well as creating a job for the locals.
Formed at the outset of the 16th century and has developed prosperously in later decades, Thanh Ha pottery village keeps a long historical legacy along with cultural, educational and creative values.
The entrance gate of Thanh Ha pottery village
According to historical documents, at the beginning of the 1600s, skillful artisans from Thanh Hoa province moved to Hoi an urban and decided to settle and set up the village. With the establishment of the village, traditional crafts have appeared and have become popular everywhere, particularly from Thua Thien hue to Binh Dinh. From the 17th to 18th centuries, the trade of Hoi An ancient town was incredibly prosperous and developed that promoted Thanh Ha pottery products were exported to both Asian countries and Western countries via Hoi An Trading Port.
For some decades, even though the conventional pottery developed with the ups and downs of Hoi An’ business, these always made by all strong enjoyment and profound passion of craftsmen. From generation to generation, all local handicraftsmen are awareness of remaining traditional and unique methods of making pottery- manual ways. One of the different features with other pottery is its products are not roasted in a traditional wood kiln. Besides, its products included essential items such as bowls, pots, cups, bowl, jars, bricks, tiles which were supplied to serve as every item and construct houses, pagodas, and bridges. Their products had a lot of different shapes, colors which make it considerably different. The most impressive feature is that villagers’ s products are lighter than the same products in other regions.
Thanks to a historic event that the Nguyen Dynasty of Hue invited the pottery village craftsmen to create some ornaments with the aim of using and decorating at the palace, which made the village achieve quickly fame and fortune until now. To maintain and preserve a good reputation, the village began applying a Mandarin system in order to classify artisans by their qualifications and talent.
Thanh Ha pottery village makes a dramatic contribution to the rapid economic growth of Hoi An urban, especially, the good fame as well as huge profits of pottery village in particular and Hoi An ancient town in general drives from ceramic export activities worldwide. Many merchants from all over the world poured to Hoi An to hunt the invaluable flower pots which are created by the hands of the best craftsmen. This is a prime example to say that the village is famous all over the world.
Artisans are well-trained who mix clay, burn and bake time skillful. Different colors of ceramics are based on the adjustment of firing temperature that brings its products to natural pigments like pink, light brown, light yellow or black. Specifically, depending on the time of burning and heating in the kiln, the color can be changed shades. This special technique brings the ceramics brightness that is a striking aspect you only recognize in Thanh Ha pottery products. Craftsmen decorate their products with submerged and floating vignettes which are extremely simple but very beautiful and unique.
In addition, this modification makes their products have longer life-span over 50 years. Along with ceramics used in daily life, bricks and tiles of the village, which has a wide variety of shapes and sizes, is also well-known and called “ Yin-yang tiles “. The locals use it to keep their house warmer in winter and cooler in summer. Tourists find it easy to recognize “ Yin-Yang tiles” in the roof of almost house in the old town, especially in Phung Hung and Tan Ky old houses
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Along with the prosperous development of the old town and high demand of both domestic and foreign markets nowadays, Thanh Ha villagers starting making a wide range of different products that are rich in artistic value, typically statues. Thus, in the prevailing trend of handmade craft and serving visitors, 80% of villagers’ products serve as decorations and souvenirs. Villagers still remain antique ceramic pieces from 16-17th centuries and develop modern paintings and sculptures which are breathtaking and vivid.
Located three kilometers west of town, at present, Thanh Ha pottery village has not only become a proud symbol of Hoi An people as well as the cultural heritage, but also a famous destination for massive tourism when to Hoi An. This is a place not to be missed if visitors have a visit to the old town. A bike journey to get there is so nice. Riding around the village is a good way to enjoy a relaxed atmosphere and explore a flourishing period of Hoi An- an old urban city. Don’t forget to make small and simple pottery products by yourself. It is definitely a unique and wroth experience.